Workshop "Family policies in (Eastern, Central and Northern) Europe with the emphasis on Child Day-Care" 22. May 2014
Triin Roosalu & Karmo Kroos "Known and unknown aspects about the family polices in soviet and post-soviet Central and Eastern Europe„
Per Isaksen, Heidi Ųstland Vala & Ingunn Sęlid Sell “Gender perspectives and the practical organisation of the day-care practices – Norwegian case”
Warm-up Helbe Põdder “Attitudes of work-life-balance and the context of family policy: Sweden, Finland, Estonia”
Modern family policy
(1) The governance of childcare policy in Europe. We study the latest developments in governance of childcare policy – the questions of allocation mechanisms, affordability, access and quality; the dilemmas of service responsiveness and accountability; the share and forms of private providers in childcare delivery and the trend of marketization of care; etc.
(2) The successful paths of contemporary family policy and the role childcare opportunities play in these configurations. We study the effect of family policies on desirable outcomes – female employment, birth rate and (in)equality. Firstly, we concentrate on the enabling institutional structure behind policies. Secondly, we define and analyse the impact of policy features such as capacitating and compensating allowances. Are there several configurations that could prove successful? Finally, we are after the distributional (equity) effect of the institutional and policy mix. As several different combinations of conditions may well produce the same outcome and, depending on the context (or ‘conjuncture’), a given condition may have a different impact on the outcome, this interplay can produce perverse outcomes. For instance the generous and earnings-related parental leave in conjunction with shortcomings in access to quality childcare (as in the case of Estonia, for instance) is causing a concentration of inequality instead of balancing the divisions in society.
We use system level analyses for empirical study by employing fuzzy set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA). The two-step QCA is one possible means of tackling this configurational causality, where context determines the institutional set-up for success. This method enables the distinction of remote (structural-institutional and path-dependent) and proximate (policy) conditions in studying equifinality.
Our data originate from multiple sources, including statistical and secondary literature-based sources.